On December 1, the world marked World AIDS Day. It is a disease that destroys the immune system, causing deterioration of the patient’s health. HIV / AIDS has been discovered by the scientist and French scientist Professor Luc Montagnier.
Millions of people worldwide suffer from AIDS. This disease affects the immune system and spreads very quickly through sexual intercourse. Because of the high cost of vaccines and anti-retroviral drugs, especially in African countries, the disease is killing millions.
Despite the efforts of doctors and governments in countries that have a large proportion of HIV / AIDS cases, they continue to spread very sharply.
Here are 15 information you have not previously known about this disease:
The disease is relatively new.
AIDS was discovered in a US hospital in 1981, among a group of homosexuals, and since then I think it has been transmitted because of homosexuality.
Many Western countries, where the disease has spread, have recognized that sexual revolution, or so-called openness, has been one of the causes of AIDS among a large group of young people.
The increase in the number of injured annually.
The number of people infected with AIDS worldwide has reached 35 million. Two-thirds live in sub-Saharan Africa. South Africa is the largest African country with high casualties. Each of the six people carries the virus of the deadly disease, which passes from person to person.
Sex is the most common way of spreading AIDS.
HIV transmits through sexual contact with an infected partner (a man with a woman or a man with a man). Circumcision reduces the risk of the disease to 60 percent, according to some health organizations.
No treatment yet.
AIDS is a completely untreatable disease, but it can be slowed down by special vaccines. Thanks to these vaccines, the number of deaths in Brazil and China has fallen by 80 percent.
AIDS does not mean sex.
It is always linked to the fact that HIV infection is necessarily the result of an illegal sexual relationship. Infection with this virus may be transmitted by blood, through the dentist. Or dealing with contaminated blood, or heredity.
The patient can live with others.
An AIDS patient can live normally and marry. But requires some instructions and guidelines that prevent the transmission of the disease from the injured party to the healthy party.
AIDS and Life Rate.
Life in a number of countries, such as those in Africa in the late 1990s, has declined because of AIDS. In South Africa, life expectancy rose from 54 years in 2005 to 60 years in 2011 thanks to anti-sickness vaccines.
The drug is very expensive.
The cost of HIV drugs and vaccines is expensive. That is why it is difficult to reach the injured in African countries. According to data from the World Health Organization, 19 million people with AIDS do not have the capacity to vaccinate against the virus, and buy drugs against it.
Symptoms may take years.
Some believe that HIV infection means that symptoms appear immediately. But this is relative, some cases may appear to be infected immediately, and the other may continue for years without any symptoms.
The virus spreads rapidly.
The virus spreads quickly within the body of people with the disease, making the effectiveness of the success of the meeting difficult. However, only a few types of the virus transmit to other people through sexual contact with an infected partner without condom use. However, this is not a justification for abandoning condom use.
Dealing with an AIDS patient is not dangerous.
Many people are afraid to deal with AIDS patients for fear that the disease will spread to them. But this is not true. AIDS transmits only through blood, or direct sexual intercourse.
No one could specify an official name for it.
No one has the name of this virus since it discovered. It called lymph node disease, the disease from which HIV researchers derived a name for the virus.
“Kapuzi’s cancer and opportunistic infections” also used in 1981. The newspapers used the term GRID – the abbreviation Gay-related Immune Deficiency – which refers to HIV related to homosexuality.
Awareness comes first.
The world has for years surprised by the actions that the South African government officials taked it to eradicate AIDS and curb its spread. In 2008, the country’s Ministry of Health under President Thabo Mbek advised garlic, red lettuce and olive oil as therapeutic means against the deadly disease! However, this time has become a news story, there are vigorous efforts to raise awareness against the disease scientific basis.
The most dangerous cases.
One of the most serious cases when a person has AIDS and tuberculosis at the same time. People living with AIDS have a higher risk of tuberculosis. In Africa, TB is the leading cause of death among people with AIDS.