Acne is a skin disease that touches most people in the youth age. The appearance of patches on the skin, usually on the face, back and chest. It usually begins in adolescence, but it also affects adults. About 80% of teens are infected with acne, and there are many myths about its causes.
Acne consists of painful spots and bumps that appear on the skin. Most often look on the face, but can also appear on the back, shoulders and buttocks. Acute acne cases can cause scars.
The patches can range from blackheads and pimples, which are often mild, to inflamed and pus-filled grains and cysts, which can be severe and long-lasting and can lead to scars.
What causes acne?
Acne occurs in general as a result of the way the skin interacts with hormonal changes. The skin contains sebaceous glands that naturally release sebum (fat), an oily substance that helps to protect it. High levels of testosterone during puberty can cause a lot of sebum. This happens for both boys and girls.
Fat or grease can block the follicles that contain hair follicles. When dead skin cells mix with the fatty substances that make up the blockage, this can lead to fatty spots. The bacteria in the skin multiply, which can cause pain and be swelling under the occlusion.
There are different types of spots:
Blackheads are small, clogged pores.
Whiteheads are small bumps or small pills, with a white centre
Pimples are spots where a lot of pus can be seen.
The nodes (warts) are hard, painful lumps located under the skin.
Inflammation of acne occurs when the skin also becomes red and swollen. This requires early treatment to prevent scars.
Try not to hatch or squeeze on the fatty spots. This can cause inflammation and lead to scars. Fatty spots will eventually disappear on their own, but they may leave redness on the skin for several weeks or months afterwards.
Acne can worsen during periods of stress and tension. May be affected by acne in women, menstrual cycle. Acne may sometimes appear during pregnancy.
If you have acne, wash your skin gently with a mild antiseptic and moisturizer. Scrubbing or peeling can irritate the skin, causing it to ulcer and make it look inflamed as well.
What can I do if I have acne?
Keeping your skin clean is important to prevent new spots from appearing. Wash the affected area twice a day. But do not rub the skin too heavily to avoid irritation.
Although acne can not be cured, it can be controlled by treatment. Many creams, lotions and gels are available to treat stains in pharmacies. If you have acne, it would be good to talk to your pharmacist for advice.
If your acne is severe and shows on the chest and back, it may need to be treated with antibiotics or the strongest creams available under prescription.
Check with your doctor if you can not control your acne with medicines that do not require a prescription or if it causes you distress and makes you feel miserable.
Also, check with your doctor if you have nodules or abscesses because they will have to be properly treated to avoid scars.
Treatments can take more than three months to show their effectiveness, so do not expect results to appear overnight. Once effective, the results are usually good.
Why do I have acne?
Acne referred usually to the changes in hormone levels during puberty.
So that the glands in the skin begin to produce excessive amounts of oil called the sebum. It blocks small openings in the skin through which hair grows (hair follicles), causing blackheads and pimples.
Bacteria that live on the skin can infect blocked openings, causing tumours filled with pus or cysts.
It is known that acne is transmitted by heredity. If both your mother and father have youthful acne, it is possible that you will also have acne.
Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during the menstrual cycle or pregnancy, can also lead to seizures of acne in women.
Who gets it?
Acne is very common in teenagers and young adults. About 80% of people between the ages of 11 and 30 will be affected by acne.
Acne touch ages between 14 and 17 in girls and between 16 and 19 in boys.
Most people ‘s acne appears intermittently for several years before symptoms begin to improve as they progress.
Acne usually disappears when a person is in his 20 age.
In some cases, acne can continue into adulthood. About 5% of women and 1% of men over the age of 25 suffer from acne.
Myths about acne.
There are many myths about the causes of acne:
Many say that eating chocolate or fatty foods cause acne, but this is not true. There is no evidence that acne is the result of what you eat. However, a balanced diet is good for your overall health, so be sure to eat as much health as possible.
Lack of personal hygiene.
Some people believe that it is caused by lack of personal hygiene, but this is not true. If you get acne, you will get it no matter how you clean your skin. Too much cleaning can worsen the condition by removing the protective oils in the skin.
There is also a myth that putting makeup can cause fatty spots, but there is no evidence of it. The lower your skin level, the less the bacteria will spread. If you are putting on makeup, wash your hands before putting them in and always lubricate them before going to sleep.
Treatments for acne.
The spots usually disappear on its own, but it can take many years. There are treatments that can help remove it faster. Those for over-the-counter medications can help you in treating mild acne cases. Ask your pharmacist for advice about the treatment that may help you and how long you should use it. You may not see tangible results for several weeks.
If medications do not help you without a prescription, medical treatments are available. Your doctor can assess how bad your skin is and discuss the options with you. Do not be afraid to tell your doctor about how acne affects your life and how it makes you feel.
The mild cases of non-inflammatory acne consist of pimples and blackheads. Treatments include the generation or medical lotion that can contain retinoids (vitamin A), topical antibiotics (applied to the skin), benzoyl peroxide (an antibacterial) or azelaic acid.
These medications, or combinations of them, can also be used to treat mild to moderate cases of infections, such as cases of warts or warts. Treatment can take up to eight weeks before you see the difference in your skin, and treatment may take six months to give effect.
In the case of women, pills containing estrogen can help remove it.
If your acne is severe, your doctor can refer you to a dermatologist who may prescribe a stronger medication called isotretinoin (Roaccutane).