Hypothyroidism, Symptoms and Treatment Methods


Hypothyroidism means that the thyroid gland is inactive and does not produce enough important hormones. There are a variety of signs of thyroid apathy and treatment.

The disease affects women a lot, especially the older than 60 years. Hypothyroidism is caused by the natural imbalance of chemical reactions in the body. Rarely, this disease causes early symptoms, but as time goes by you notice symptoms. An inactive thyroid gland can cause a number of health problems such as obesity, joint pain, infertility, and heart disease.

The good news is that thyroid function tests are available to diagnose hypothyroidism. There are several treatments for hypothyroidism, which are simple and safe treatments.

It is necessary to recognize the presence of symptoms of hypothyroidism because it is very important. The sooner the symptoms are detected, the more effective the treatment will be.


What is hypothyroidism?


The thyroid is a small butterfly shaped gland located above a human apple and you can feel it slip by simply placing your fingers on your Adam’s apple. The thyroid produces hormones that regulate various things in the human body including temperature, metabolism, heartbeat.

Things can get wrong when the thyroid becomes less or more active and the thyroid gland loses its whims. It can be due to pregnancy, genetic causes, autoimmune weakness, abortion, undernourishment, toxins but experts are not sure the reasons behind the thyroid disorder.

The pituitary gland is a small gland located in the middle of the head that monitors the functions of the hormones and hormones that are released from the thyroid gland, especially the TSH hormone, which indicates that the thyroid gland secretes the hormones.

Sometimes the levels of this hormone increase but the thyroid gland does not work and the thyroid gland becomes inactive and thus the problem begins to appear.


Signs of hypothyroidism.


You can recognize the hypothyroidism through a set of signs, which are as follows:




One of the most common symptoms of hypothyroidism is the feeling of tiredness. Because thyroid hormone controls the energy balance and can affect me if you are ready to go or you have a willingness to get a nap. When you experience hypothyroidism you are more likely to sleep for long periods of time.

The thyroid hormone receives signals from the brain that coordinate with cells that change their function and that depends on what happens to your body. Those who suffer from high levels of thyroid hormone feel nervous and irritable easily while people who suffer from hypothyroidism feel tired and exhausted.

In an adult study, 138 adults with hypothyroidism suffered from physical fatigue and reduced activity and reported low motivation.

People with hypothyroidism feel tired although they get good sleep, so feeling sleep long without good explanation can be a sign of hypothyroidism.




Symptoms of hypothyroidism are the unexpected weight gain because people who suffer from thyroid gland are less active and therefore do not burn calories. When thyroid levels are low they can cause weight gain.

When the thyroid gland suffers from lethargy instead of burning calories, it stores calories in the body. Because of this, it is overweight even if the number of calories it gets is constant.

In fact, after a study found that people who suffer from hypothyroidism resulted in 7 – 14 kg increase in their weight. If you are overweight, look for the reasons behind this and other changes in your lifestyle. If you follow a good diet and exercise, you need to consult with the doctor to determine the underlying cause of thyroid inactivity.


Feeling cold.


Of course, the feeling of warmth is due to the burning of calories. For example, after exercising for exercise, you can feel warm because you are burning calories. Even when you are sitting, you burn a few calories. However, in cases of hypothyroidism, the base metabolic rate decreases and the amount of heat generated is reduced.

In addition, thyroid hormone converts heat into brown fat, a specialized type of fat that generates heat. Brown fat is an essential ingredient for keeping the body warm in cold weather, but hypothyroidism prevents it from doing so. This is why low levels of thyroid hormone cause colds and become more sensitive to colds and colds than usual.


Weak muscles and joints.


Decreased thyroid hormone results in the inactivity of metabolism and weak muscle energy and results in damage to muscle strength, which leads to a feeling of weakness where broken muscle tissue that leads to pain. Everyone can feel weak but 40% of cases feel weaker than usual because of hypothyroidism.

In addition, 34% of people who suffer from hypothyroidism suffer from muscle cramps in the absence of activity.

A study of people suffering from hypothyroidism and the replacement of low thyroid hormones with synthetic thyroid hormone called levothyroxine showed a significant improvement in muscle strength and reduced pain compared to untreated cases.


Hair loss.


Like most body cells, hair follicles are regulated by thyroid hormone. Because hair follicles are stem cells with a short life span and become more sensitive to low levels of thyroid in other tissues. Hypothyroidism causes the hair follicle to stop renewing, resulting in hair loss. This problem usually improves when you get thyroid treatment.

One study found that 25-30% of patients suffering from hypothyroidism experienced hair loss. Moreover, hypothyroidism results in coarse hair in 10% of people who suffer from hypothyroidism.


Itching and dry skin.


Like hair follicles the skin cells are affected by the action of the thyroid gland. When the natural cycle of skin regeneration is broken, it may take a long time to regrow. This means that the outer layer of the skin keeps for a long time and with the accumulation causing damage it means that the dead skin takes a long time to get rid of it.

One study has shown that 74% of people with hypothyroidism also suffered from dry skin. However, 50% of patients with normal levels of thyroid function have also suffered from dry skin, making it difficult to tell if thyroid problems are the cause.


Feeling frustrated and depressed.


Many reports showed that 64% of women and 57% of men suffered from depression and had hypothyroidism and when obtaining synthetic thyroid hormone improved the levels of depression.

Another study showed that young women who suffered from hypothyroidism and depression were associated with low levels of satisfaction with their sexuality. Moreover, hormonal fluctuations after childbirth are a common cause of hypothyroidism that contributes to postpartum depression.


Problems focusing and remembering.


Many patients who suffer from hypothyroidism complain of problems in cognitive and cognitive functions such as concentration and memory because they feel mental fog. In one study, it found that hypothyroidism in 22% of people had difficulty performing daily math, suffered from slower thinking than usual, and reported impaired memory.

In another study of 14 men and women, participants found it difficult to remember verbal signs. We still do not understand the reasons. But, the difficulties in memory improve with the reduction of thyroid hormone. Memory difficulties or concentration can occur for everyone but if the symptom is sudden or severe it can be a sign of hypothyroidism.




Thyroid hormone affects colon function. According to one study, constipation affects 17% of people who have suffered from hypothyroidism compared with people who have normal levels of thyroid hormone. Because constipation is common complaint with thyroid inactivity.

If you suffer from constipation, you can try natural remedies first before trying to predict that thyroid is inactive and if you do not respond to natural treatments you can go to the doctor.


Irregular menstruation.


One study showed that about 40 percent of women with low thyroid hormone had irregular menstrual cycles or severe bleeding compared with women with normal thyroid levels.

Because thyroid hormone reacts with other hormones that control the menstrual cycle. Therefore, that directly affect the ovaries and uterus.

There are a number of problems besides the thyroid gland that can cause a heavy or irregular menstrual cycle, which can change your lifestyle to a more healthy pattern to get rid of all the problems.


Methods of treatment of hypothyroidism.


Changes in diet.


Changes in diet are the first line of defense in the treatment of hypothyroidism. Because many people who suffer from hypothyroidism suffer from fatigue and exhaustion, which produces unusual levels of energy and here are the changes you need to get rid of hypothyroidism.


Reduce refined carbohydrates.


Try to reduce the amount of refined carbohydrates you eat in your diet such as caffeine, sugar and flour because they treat the body like sugar. Prepare a list of carbohydrates based on grains and eat non-starchy vegetables.


Increased protein.


Protein is a hormone that moves and activates the thyroid gland. Try to enjoy it at every meal you eat to help regulate the functions of the gland. Proteins such as nuts, nut butter, quinoa, animal products are free of antibiotics.


Get healthy fats.


Healthy fats are friendly to hormonal corridors. If you get enough fat and good cholesterol, you can aggravate the hormonal imbalance that involves thyroid hormones. Include natural fats such as olive oil and avocados, flax seeds, fish, nuts, whole-fat cheese, yogurt.




The presence of sufficient amounts of nutrients can prevent the worsening symptoms of hypothyroidism. That includes vitamin D, A, B, iron, fatty acids, omega-3 fatty acids, selenium, zinc, copper.


Gluten free foods.


The partial structure of the thyroid tissue is almost identical to gluten, and in the case of more gluten increases the autoimmune attack on the thyroid gland.


Fresh fish.


Fresh fish provide access to omega-3 fatty acids, an essential component of hormone balance and thyroid function. Balancing the levels of omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids in your diet can reduce hypothyroidism. Salmon, mackerel and sardine are the best sources of omega-3 fatty acids to increase gland activity.


Coconut Oil.


Medium fatty acids support the metabolism, increase energy and fight fatigue. Coconut oil must be an essential part of the diet for hypothyroidism.

It is also easy to digest and nourishes the digestive system. It has antimicrobial properties, antioxidants and antibacterial properties that suppress inflammation. Coconut oil helps improve immunity and increases brain function, endurance and mood stability.




One of the best natural sources of iodine is seagrass, which prevents thyroid inactivity. Try to include it in your weekly diet such as kelp. It is the best choice you can use with tuna soup.




A group of seeds, such as flax seeds, provide omega-3 fatty acids that balance the hormones. Obtaining adequate levels of fat in the diet supports the action of the thyroid gland. Eating plenty of healthy fats also proves blood sugar levels and maintains a healthy weight.


Fruits and vegetables.


Fruits and vegetables are vitamins, minerals and antioxidants essential for resisting the effect of free radicals and reducing inflammation. They are nutritious elements and promote the health of the digestive system, brain functions and heart health.


Essential oils.


To improve thyroid hypothyroidism and cure the symptoms of autoimmune immunity you can try to experience essential oils. Combine frankincense oil, lemon essential oil, pepper oil, and rub directly onto the thyroid gland, which is located in the lower part of the neck. You can try two drops of frankincense oil on the surface of your mouth twice.

Similarly, try rubbing the thyroid with lemon oil and passing directly on the thyroid gland several times a day. To combat fatigue you can try mint oil or grapefruit oil.

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