When your doctor describes insulin injections, some questions arise about how insulin is injected and where insulin is injected. Is it possible to have complications caused by the use of insulin injections? There are various devices used to inject insulin, including insulin injections, insulin pens, insulin pumps, and now the answers to these questions through this article.
Insulin injection specifications.
The injection is made of plastic and is used only once, and the length of the needle reaches 12.7 mm. According to the World Diabetes Organization, but recent research has been able to produce injections of insulin length of 8 mm (mm), 6 mm, and 4 mm, the lower the length of the needle The pain from the injection was less.
Where to inject the insulin?
Insulin is injected into the adipose cells directly under the skin. You should avoid injection of insulin directly in the muscles. Insulin injections into the muscles may lead to low blood sugar levels.
Also, giving insulin in the same place daily for a long time may lead to a breakdown of fat at the injection site. Therefore, it is advisable to change the place of injection continuously to avoid the occurrence of fat cracking which may lead to problems in the absorption of insulin. It is also preferable to choose a specific place to inject the needle and change the place daily. The same as the previous location (ie, 1 – 2 cm from the previous injection site).
Best places to inject.
Many people prefer injections in the abdominal area where muscles can absorb insulin more quickly. The abdominal area is easy to access and choosing the injection site is by locating a place between the lower ribs and pubic.
In the thigh area, inject the insulin at 4 inches from the area above the knees.
The injection should be in the fatty area behind the arm in the area between the shoulder and the elbow.
The injections should be at the top of the buttocks. When injections, avoid injections in areas of scars and wounds.
How to inject insulin?
There are several steps to follow before injecting:
Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Bring the syringe and place it straight on the injection tube.
Pull the plunger down and take the prescribed dose from your doctor after removing the lid of the insulin bottle.
If there are bubbles in the syringe, press the syringe gently until the bubbles rise up and remove the bubbles from the syringe and make sure that the dose in the syringe is correct.
Enter the needle at a 90-degree angle but if the area where you will inject insulin contains less fat you can inject at a 45-degree angle.
Push the plunger to inject the dose and wait 10 seconds to remove the needle.
Side effects of insulin injections.
Side effects of insulin injections include:
Interactions in place of insulin injections include reactions (redness, pain, irritability).
Low potassium content in blood.
When taking an incorrect dose, some symptoms may appear (extreme sweating, rapid heartbeat, severe hunger, blurred vision, and dizziness).
If there is no problem using insulin injections for long periods. However, pay attention to some important guidelines, such as the location of the injection and the specific doses prescribed by your doctor. Talk to your doctor about any changes that occur at the injection site.